Astrophysik

© Dezember 2016 author: Michael Köchling
 



The Mars is a refrigerator!

I must swing back very far in order to be able to represent the done statement proof-leading and with it also the climate of our planet with includes. Only so, one can determine!
Certainly you have wondered already once as it comes that the upper air-layers are much colder, as that under it situated!? We knows, warm air climbs upward. Cold air sinks against it downward. This way, the climate of our planet changes constantly. It is not however quite so simple! We also know that it comes from time to time to extreme climate-changes and these changes happen within only three to five years. They last decades then however or even much longer. Finally in the Maunder-Minimum, which is known also as small ice age. This cold-period lasted with extreme winters and rainy summers from 1645 to 1715 what caused disastrous harvest-cancellations and the famines interconnected with it.
Let's look now what happens to the warm rising air in our atmosphere: The warm air has a relatively high density, that decreases with increasingly rising height however. The higher it therefore rises, there density decreases and something happens! - It arises reaction-cold! With other words: The rising warm air chills itself! We use exactly this effect in our cool-appliances. A gas is compressed, with what it gets hot. The heat emerging with it is taken away over a cool-fence at the surroundings. That compressed and chilled gas is now blown out. With it relaxed itself and the reaction-cold emerging with it becomes use to the cool of our foods or to the climatisation becomes. This of everything takes place in a closed system. Hereby, the process can be repeated at will.
Let's come to the cool therefore now, but extremely rarefied air of the upper atmosphere. Although it is colder than the air situated under it, it cannot sink without further. It is specifically more easily and therefore lasts permanently over the warmer, however denser air-layers under it. Very much warm air must therefore climb upward and must cool down with it, so that someday cold air after under can flow. A cushion is built from thin cold air over a longer time period in big height hereby. And only when there is a mighty excess of this cold air, that has built itself over whole continents or even around the earth then, it can occur that it flows away downward. During the drops, it is increasingly compressed and is warmed up itself with it again. If it arrives at the ground then, it has potential however still sufficiently in order to generate coolness here. Sometimes even so many, that a noticeable climate-change can occur. It depends on it alone how considerably the upper cold air-layer had built itself. If this layer was sufficiently big, the indicated climate-alteration occurs.
How however does this scenario now have an effect on the Mars? You will certainly already suspect it! In the Mars-atmosphere, some important gases are missing and especially the steam. Only quite isolated low mist-clouds exist from more final. Moreover the atmosphere is too thinly and hands over its heat almost undiminished in the nights at the cosmos. The sunbathe-energy can his surface better than reaches on the earth. However his atmosphere cannot hold the heat because it lacks the heat-storing gases and the steam. The Mars is 50 to 70 millions km further from the sun as the earth removes, however because of its more inferior Albedo of only 0,16 its surface gets the same energy-quantity as our earth, that possesses an Albedo of 0,39, approximately. Nevertheless it is much more drily on him and we will now see why this it is. I already named the first reason you. The heat can escape into the cosmos unhindered and is not stored consequently. And although the Mars-atmosphere consists to 95% of CO 2, there is no gloabl warm there because the heat-storing elements are missing in his atmosphere. Is only further existing 2,7% nitrogens and 1,6% argons. Other gases however is only existing as trace elements and consequently insignificant.
The Mars requires barely two years for a circulation about the sun, (siderische circulation-time is 1,881 years), what leads to it, that each season lasts on him almost double so long, as on the earth. It becomes at his Pol - regions with until under -120° CS so cold, that the CO2 becomes falling out as snow and ice. Hereby, the anyway low density of the Mars-atmosphere decreases strongly. If the surface is warmed up in one of the Pol - regions during the respective summer, so the CO2 - ice and snow of this gas evaporates and rages with it as itself relaxing gas around the planet in order to replenish the atmosphere again. As we now know however, reaction-cold, which chills the Mars additionally, originates with it! This process regularly occurs alternate for itself at both Poland, with which it takes place especially strongly on the South-hemisphere. Because the South-half is in their winter in sunbathe-distance, through which the local polar region develops much more strongly up to the 50 degree of latitude. The North - polar-region only grows against it up to the 60 degree of latitude and is approximately so big through it only a half.
We can now determine that the local cold air-layer refines until in ground-proximity and not like with us on the earth in big height. This is the hugest contrast to the earth and yields a completely other climate through it on the Mars! It is now clear why the statement done above applies!

It is now clear why the statement done above applies!

„The Mars chills itself after the same principle as our cool-appliances!“

This would be too prevented, if surface-covers carbonic-dust at the Poland one for example, would scatter. With this measure, it would not cool down there so strongly and consequently that could be prevented cancellations of the CO 2! However for it many tons of carbonic-dust would be necessary and whoever should take it there and should scatter? At each pole before it there starting winters had to would be repeated this, which necessitates additional expenditure. The idea is not again and was already moved years ago in consideration, however it cannot yet be realized. We simply have no spaceships, which could transport so big freights. Another possibility would be the CO2 to split. Becomes free carbon and oxygen with it. Some oxygen would be caused into the atmosphere which would lead to another diminution of the anyway very thin atmosphere however. Air-conditioning the Mars will therefore be a task for later generations if the technologies necessary for it exist.


In the astrophysics much is possible, however, it should always be compatible with the natural conditions.
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